Does Low Testosterone Cause Weight Gain? 5 Surprising Signs and symptoms

Does Low Testosterone Cause Weight Gain
Posted On: April 8th, 2023
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Does Low Testosterone Cause Weight Gain?

A hormone called testosterone is generated in both women’s and men’s ovaries. It significantly affects muscle mass, bone density, and the distribution of body fat, in addition to playing a critical role in the development of male features. Low testosterone levels in men may be linked to weight gain, according to a growing body of research in recent years. In this post, we’ll examine the connection between low testosterone and weight gain and talk about its possible origins and effects.

What is testosterone?

Men’s testicles and women’s ovaries are where men and women create the majority of the hormone testosterone. It is in charge of causing the formation of male sexual traits such as body hair, voice deepening, and the development of bone and muscular mass. The adrenal glands also produce testosterone in both men and women, albeit in considerably smaller amounts.

How Does Testosterone Affect the Body?

Testosterone exerts a multitude of effects on the body, particularly in men, where it drives the development of secondary sexual characteristics such as the growth of facial and body hair, a deeper vocal tone, and an increase in muscle mass coupled with a reduction in bone density. In addition, testosterone is essential for the production of sperm and the maintenance of sexual function. Although women also produce testosterone, its levels are comparatively lower, and it plays a critical role in the growth of body hair, the maintenance of bone density, and the regulation of sexual desire.

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Effects of Testosterone on the Body

Testosterone, a crucial hormone, exerts a range of effects on the body, such as:

  • Muscle Mass: In the growth and preservation of muscular mass, testosterone is an essential factor. It increases the growth of muscular mass and strength, making it simpler to carry bigger objects and engage in physical activity.
  • Bone Density: In order to keep strong and healthy bones, testosterone is also necessary. Osteoporosis, a disorder that makes bones brittle and weak, is less likely to occur due to the increase in bone density.
  • Fat Distribution: In addition to encouraging the growth of lean muscular mass while lowering body fat, testosterone impacts how fat is distributed throughout the body.
  • Sex Drive: Both men’s and women’s libidos and sex drives are greatly influenced by testosterone. Lower sex desire and other sexual issues might result from low testosterone levels.
  • Mood: Low testosterone levels are linked to sadness and anxiety, and testosterone also influences mood and mental health.
  • Cognitive Function: Low levels of testosterone are linked to cognitive decline, memory loss, and other cognitive issues. Testosterone is also necessary for normal cognitive function.

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What Causes Low Testosterone?

Age, obesity, chronic conditions, and particular drugs are just a few of the variables that might contribute to low testosterone levels. A number of symptoms, including weight gain, a loss of muscle mass, and a drop in libido, can be caused by the normal decline in testosterone levels that occurs in men as they age.

Obesity is a notable risk factor for low testosterone levels, as excessive body fat promotes oestrogen production, which, in turn, can inhibit testosterone synthesis. Chronic illnesses like diabetes and kidney disease can also cause low testosterone levels. Furthermore, certain medications, like opioids and glucocorticoids, may reduce the production of testosterone.

Effects of Low Testosterone Levels

Low testosterone levels can contribute to a wide range of health problems, including the following:

  • Reduced Muscle Mass: Loss of muscle mass brought on by low testosterone levels might make it more challenging to exercise and cause muscle weakness.
  • Increased Body Fat: Moreover, a drop in testosterone may cause a gain in body fat, particularly around the midsection.
  • Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis, a condition that causes brittle and weak bones, is a condition that can be increased by low testosterone levels.
  • Erectile Dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction, a disease that makes it challenging to obtain and sustain an erection, can be caused by low testosterone levels.
  • Decreased Sex Drive: A decrease in sex drive brought on by low testosterone levels might also make it more difficult to elicit sexual excitement and satisfaction.

Does Low Testosterone Cause Weight Gain

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Can low testosterone cause weight gain?

Men who have low testosterone levels are more likely to acquire weight and have an increase in body fat. Low levels of the hormone testosterone can cause a decrease in energy expenditure and an increase in fat storage since it helps regulate metabolism.

Research has also revealed that men with low testosterone levels have a tendency to have larger waist circumferences and higher body mass indices (BMIs) than men with normal testosterone levels.

How Does Testosterone Affect Metabolism?

Testosterone, a vital hormone, plays a significant role in the regulation of metabolism. This particular hormone has the capability to enhance muscle mass and reduce body fat, thereby promoting metabolic and energetic expenses. In addition, testosterone contributes to the regulation of insulin sensitivity, a critical factor that affects the body’s glucose processing and storage mechanisms.

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Causes of Low Testosterone

Low testosterone levels can be caused by a variety of reasons, such as:

  • Age

Their testosterone levels normally decline as men and women get older. Many symptoms linked to low testosterone may come from this.

  • Medical Conditions

Low testosterone levels can result from certain illnesses, like diabetes and obesity. Also, several drugs can reduce testosterone levels.

  • Lifestyle Factors

Low testosterone levels can also be caused by lifestyle factors like stress, poor nutrition, and inactivity.

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Signs and symptoms of low testosterone

Several symptoms can be brought on by low testosterone levels in both men and women. Among the most typical warning signs and symptoms are:

  • Reduced Sex Drive

Both men and women may experience less sexual drive as a result of low testosterone levels. This may cause a reduction in sexual desire and make it more challenging to experience orgasm.

  • Fatigue

Low testosterone frequently manifests as tiredness and low energy. This may make it challenging to stay active and lower your quality of life.

  • Decreased muscle mass

The growth and preservation of muscle mass depend on testosterone. Losing muscle mass due to low testosterone levels might make it more challenging to maintain a healthy weight.

  • Weight Gain

Moreover, weight gain can result from low testosterone levels, especially around the midriff. This could make it more likely that you’ll get conditions like diabetes and heart disease.

  • Depression and mood swings

Depression and mood swings can result from low testosterone levels. This can lower the quality of life and make it difficult to sustain good relationships.

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Treatment Options for Low Testosterone

Low testosterone can be treated in a number of ways, including:

  • Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Low testosterone is frequently treated with testosterone replacement therapy. In this case, testosterone levels are replaced through injections, patches, or gels.

  • Lifestyle Changes

More exercise and a healthier diet are two lifestyle improvements that can help naturally raise testosterone levels.

  • Medications

To raise testosterone levels, doctors occasionally use drugs like clomiphene or hCG.

How to Increase Testosterone Levels Naturally

There are a few things you may do if you want to naturally raise your testosterone levels:

  • Eat a healthy diet rich in protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates.
  • Exercise regularly, including weight training and cardio.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Manage stress levels.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking.

Does Low Testosterone Cause Weight Gain

How is low testosterone diagnosed?

A blood test that gauges testosterone levels in the bloodstream can be used to identify low testosterone levels. To ascertain the root reason for low testosterone levels, a medical professional may also perform a physical examination and analyse the patient’s medical history.

What are the treatment options for low testosterone?

Men with low testosterone levels frequently benefit from testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). TRT entails the delivery of testosterone in a variety of ways, including injections, gels, patches, and pellets. TRT seeks to treat low testosterone symptoms by increasing testosterone levels to a healthy range.

What are the potential risks of testosterone replacement therapy?

TRT has possible risks and side effects, just like all medical procedures. Acne, breast enlargement, and fluid retention are some frequent TRT adverse effects. TRT might also make it more likely for people to develop illnesses like sleep apnea, prostate cancer, and blood clots.

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What Is the Connection Between Sleep and Testosterone?

A key factor in controlling testosterone levels is sleep. According to studies, getting adequate sleep is crucial for preserving normal testosterone levels. Lack of sleep can cause testosterone synthesis to decline and cortisol, a stress hormone, to rise. Cortisol can further reduce testosterone levels.

How Do Diet and Exercise Affect Testosterone Levels?

Exercise and diet can have a big impact on testosterone levels. The production of testosterone can be increased with a diet rich in protein and good fats like omega-3 fatty acids. Increased testosterone levels and improved body composition can both be achieved with regular exercise, particularly strength training.

What are the best exercises for boosting testosterone?

Exercises that increase strength, like weightlifting and resistance training, are the best for increasing testosterone levels. These workouts aid in boosting muscle mass and encouraging fat loss, which can support the control of testosterone levels.

What Foods Can Boost Testosterone Levels?

Salmon, tuna, eggs, nuts, and avocados are a few examples of foods high in protein and good fats that might help increase testosterone levels. In addition, meals high in zinc, like oysters, steak, and pumpkin seeds, can aid in boosting testosterone synthesis.


Decreased testosterone levels can significantly affect weight gain and general health. Low testosterone levels and their accompanying symptoms can be avoided by maintaining a healthy weight through food, exercise, and adequate rest. Men with low testosterone levels frequently receive testosterone replacement medication, although it has significant hazards and adverse effects. Speak with your healthcare professional if you are experiencing the signs of low testosterone to find out the underlying cause and available treatments.


Can low testosterone cause depression?

Certainly, studies have shown that low testosterone levels can cause mood swings, including sadness.

Can women experience low testosterone levels?

Certainly, low testosterone levels in women can cause symptoms including weariness, a decline in libido, and weight gain.

Can exercise increase testosterone levels?

The answer is yes; regular exercise, particularly strength training, can aid in raising testosterone levels.

What are the risks of testosterone replacement therapy?

Acne, enlarged breasts, and an elevated risk of certain illnesses like sleep apnea, prostate cancer, and blood clots are potential hazards and side effects of testosterone replacement therapy.

Is testosterone replacement therapy safe?

Testosterone replacement therapy can be secure when administered properly and under a doctor’s supervision. But it has possible hazards and adverse effects, just like all medical therapies.

Can diet affect testosterone levels?

Absolutely, eating a diet rich in protein and good fats like omega-3 fatty acids can aid in increasing testosterone levels.

What is the connection between sleep and testosterone?

A key factor in controlling testosterone levels is sleep. Lack of sleep can cause testosterone synthesis to decline and cortisol, a stress hormone, to rise. Cortisol can further reduce testosterone levels.

Can weight gain cause low testosterone levels?

Absolutely, gaining weight can cause low testosterone levels. Low testosterone levels and the symptoms they cause can be avoided by eating right and exercising regularly.

Can testosterone replacement therapy increase the risk of prostate cancer?

Further research is required to properly understand the connection between testosterone replacement treatment and prostate cancer, however, there is some evidence that it may do so.

How long does it take for testosterone replacement therapy to work?

Depending on the patient and the type of treatment, testosterone replacement therapy might take a variety of times to start working. Some men may find improvements in their symptoms within a few weeks, while others might not see effects for several months.

How to lose weight with low testosterone

Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and proper sleep are all recommended. With medical supervision, you may also think about testosterone replacement therapy.

Can low testosterone cause weight loss?

Certainly, weight loss owing to decreased energy and muscle mass can result from low testosterone levels.

Does testosterone cause weight gain in females?

Absolutely, if testosterone levels are too high or if it is converted to oestrogen in the body, it can lead to weight gain in females.

How long does it take to lose weight on testosterone?

According to a number of variables, including age, gender, food, and exercise regimen, the rate of weight loss differs. Yet, some research has indicated that testosterone replacement therapy may promote weight loss in as little as three to six months.

Can high testosterone cause weight gain in males?

Certainly, males who have high testosterone levels may gain weight as a result of their increased appetite and muscle mass.

How much does losing weight increase testosterone?

The extent to which testosterone levels increase after weight loss depends on a number of variables, including initial weight, food, exercise habits, and individual variances.